pakistanPakistan is located at the strategically important crossroads of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia regions. It has a 650 miles coastline. The country is divided into five provinces and some federally administered areas. The provinces are divided into devolved districts, tehsils and union councils administered by the local government. Its population is about 187 million (2010).

Pakistan’s climate varies from tropical to temperate, with arid conditions in the coastal south. The country has coastal, desert, plain and mountainous regions. There is a monsoon season with heavy rainfall. Temperatures are quite high during the summer.


  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (June 2012)
  • Edited by Burt E. Swanson