Knowledge

ICT4RAS (26)
Version:
2022

Capture décran 206Timely, accurate and high-quality data and statistics are the cornerstone of solid policy design, where decisions are based on hard evidence, and monitoring and evaluation rely on strong statistical systems. This has become all the more critical as governments around the world commit to major sectoral and national development plans, as well as regional and global development agendas. Statistical work has been at the core of the activities and mandate of the Food and Agriculture Organization of theUnited Nations (FAO) since the Organization was founded in 1945, supporting its Members in eliminating hunger, improving nutrition, eradicating rural poverty, and promoting inclusive and efficient agrifood systems. FAO is aleading provider of internationally comparable data on food, nutrition and agriculture, which are gathered from national statistical offices and from FAO’s network of partner agencies and are harmonized to paint a global picture. All of these data are summarized in this Statistical Yearbook. The Statistical Yearbook is a primary tool and indispensable reference for policymakers, researchers and analysts, as well as laypersons interested in the past, present and future paths of food and agriculture.

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2022

Capture décran 204Despite significant previous progress, the world is off track to end hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030. Degraded ecosystems, an intensifying climate crisis, and increased biodiversity loss are threatening jobs, economies, the environment and food security around the globe, all aggravated by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, crises and other humanitarian emergencies. Today, 811 million people suffer from hunger and 3 billion cannot afford healthy diets. This has elevated the calls to urgently transform our agrifood systems to ensure food security, improve nutrition and secure affordable healthy diets for a growing population, while safeguarding livelihoods and our natural resources. Aquatic foods are increasingly recognized for their key role in food security and nutrition, not just as a source of protein, but also as aunique and extremely diverse provider of essential omega-3 fatty acids and bioavailable micronutrients. 

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22
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30 April 2024
 

 
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2020

Capture décran 199The year 2020 marks a milestone in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. With just 10 more years to go, we need to accelerate in order to achieve the SDGs. Before COVID-19 outbreak, “protecting the Planet while ensuring Food Security” was priority number one in the international community. Meanwhile, we have realized that Food Systems are very complex and no matter the angle of intervention, the number of goals we have to achieve remains very high. From input management, to production patterns, food losses and waste, policy making at all levels has to guarantee enough food for an increasing world population, while coping with the effects of climate change, resource depletion and malnutrition, among others.

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22
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Version:
2023

Capture décran 198This note collects the experience of a virtual rural extension initiative that initiated at the beginning of 2021,from a virtual meeting of the network Extensión para Extensionistas about the challenges of agricultural family businesses. After the event, the Agricultural Plan Institute of Uruguay proposes a joint activity with INTA Argentina and Extensión para Extensionistas, and it is agreed to hold virtual meetings for producers and professionals around the same topic. This note describes the context of the experience, objectives, methodology, results, challenges, and learning, to encourage its adaptation and replication in other contexts. The problems of family businesses transcend borders, scales, environments, and areas. Within the agricultural sector, family businesses represent 80% of the productive units that contribute to the economic development of Argentina and Uruguay. This initiative forms a virtual community where the target audience is the owners, partners, founders, advisors, managers, potential successors, and anyone interested in issues related to the family business, without distinction of gender or age, in the agricultural sector of these countries.

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2024

Capture décran 197Grasslands stretch across the planet, their apparent simplicity masking their ecological, climatic and social importance and complexity. These undervalued and overlooked landscapes are fundamental to planetary and human health. Protecting them is not merely an urgent mandate; it is central to numerous global challenges. Realizing the hidden value of grasslands provides an opportunity to bolster environmental stability and human development in the crucial decades ahead. 

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22
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30 April 2024
 

 
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2023

Capture décran 192Over the years, Uganda has made significant progress in reducing poverty. Nonetheless, in densely populated rural areas the incidence is still high, with as much as 30 per cent of the population living below the national rural poverty line. IFAD is working with the Government of Uganda to increase the income of rural households living in poverty and improve their food security and resilience. These projects create opportunities, increase access to markets, provide training and mentoring, enable participants to develop alternative sources of income, empower women and build rural people’s resilience.

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2024

Capture décran 189Global efforts to tackle the climate crisis must address its impacts on people, particularly the most vulnerable. Because of their reliance on weather-dependent agriculture and agrifood systems, climate change has a profound impact on the incomes and livelihoods of rural people living in low- and middle-income countries. However, policy attention and funding for vulnerable rural people falls woefully short of actual needs. In 2017/18, only 1.7 percent of global tracked financing reached small-scale producers, while only 3 percent supported climate adaptation in agriculture, forestry and other land uses. Rural people’s vulnerabilities to climate change are strongly influenced by a person’s wealth, gender and age. These factors also affect their abilities to manage the impacts of climate stressors on their livelihoods and determine the type of adaptive actions they take.

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2023

Capture décran 176In the face of escalating global challenges – lack of food availability, food accessibility and food affordability due to the climate crisis, biodiversity loss, economic slowdowns and downturns, worsening poverty, and other overlapping crises –we find ourselves standing at a critical juncture. The choices we make now, the priorities we set and the solutions we implement will determine the trajectory of our shared future. Consequently, the decisions we make about global agrifood systems must acknowledge these interrelated challenges.mThere is increased international consensus that transforming agrifood systems to increase their efficiency, inclusiveness, resilience, and sustainability is an essential comprehensive designfor realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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2024

Capture décran 167This study assessed the opinion of agricultural extension workers on the privatization of agricultural extension services in Ondo State, Nigeria. A simple random sampling technique was used in collecting primary data from 90 out of 112 extension workers in the Ondo State Agricultural Development Programme, through the use of a validated questionnaire. Data were analysed using percentage and mean statistics. The majority (55.6%) of extension professionals asserted that agricultural extension services should not be privatized. The major reasons adduced to this were the fear that privatization could lead to the loss of jobs among the extension professionals (100%) and also the belief that it is the responsibility of the government to cater for farmers (100%). The average amount proposed by the few respondents if extension services should be privatized, ranges from a minimum of ₦100 - ₦400. The proposed areas where extension should be privatized are where and when to sell their products and technical advice on farming activities (crops and livestock). Since farmers will be the ones to bear the consequences of privatisation, the government should ensure total overhauling of the extension system before experimenting with the payment for extension services in phases and with utmost caution.

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Version:
2020

Capture décran 165Our very existence depends on water – water to drink and water to grow food. Agriculture relies on freshwater from rivers, lakes and aquifers. Rainfed agriculture and much of livestock production depend on the water from limited rainfall. Moreover, water-related ecosystems also sustain livelihoods, food security and nutrition by, inter alia, supporting inland fisheries and aquaculture. Supplies of uncontaminated freshwater are needed for safe drinking water, and to ensure hygiene and food safety standards to guarantee human health. In addition, water has numerous other uses and supports other human activities. Against this backdrop, no doubt, water underpins many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG 6, in particular, seeks to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Unfortunately, this report shows that achieving this objective by 2030 will be a challenge.

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22
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30 April 2024
 

 
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2023

Capture décran 164In the two years that have passed since the 2021 United Nations Food Systems Summit, the global food system has seen profound shifts.  Now, 18 months after the summit, Farm Radio International, in partnership with eight radio stations in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Tanzania, and Uganda, revisited the questions that small-scale farmers, vendors, processors, marketers and their communities were asked 2021 to see what, if anything, has changed. Nearly 50,000 responses were recorded, as people shared their concerns and solutions for creating a healthier, more sustainable, productive and equitable food system.This research was conducted in collaboration with and with funding from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and additional funding from World Vision Canada, the Canadian Food Security Policy Group and the Canadian Foodgrains Bank.

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2024

Capture décran 162Deforestation is a complex issue that has gained prominence in worldwide political agendas, sparking a wide array of measures, public and private, that aim to enhance forest conservation. In this regard, this paper seeks to illustrate examples of measures that Costa Rica, Peru, Rwanda, Indonesia, and Gabon, agriculture commodity-producing countries in the Global South, have put in place to address deforestation while exploring the potential synergies with voluntary sustainability standards (VSSs). Addressing deforestation requires a strategy that includes many complementary measures, and in designing such measures, it is useful to learn from the experiences of governments that have implemented different measures or approaches. The experiences of the selected countries can provide useful starting points for governments in the Global South seeking to preserve their forests and comply with emerging regulations and international frameworks that target deforestation-free commodity production, as well as forest conservation and restoration more broadly.

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24
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Version:
2021

Capture décran 160Agrifood systems encompass primary agricultural production of food and non-food products (from crops, livestock, fisheries, forestry and aquaculture), the production of food of non-agricultural origin (e.g. synthetic meat), the food supply chain from producer to consumer and the final consumer of food. Globally, these systems produce some 11 billion tonnes of food each year and form the backbone of many economies. In an ideal world, agrifood systems would be resilient, inclusive and sustainable, producing sufficient, safe and nutritious food for all, and generating livelihoods that guarantee people’s economic access to that food. Today, however, agrifood systems fail to keep about 10 percent of the world’s population free from hunger. Increasingly, food supply chains and the livelihoods of agrifood systems’ actors are disrupted by shocks – from droughts and floods to armed conflict and food price hikes – and long-term stresses, including climate change and environmental degradation. 

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22
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Version:
2023

Capture décran 159Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, and agriculture is one of the engines of economic and social development. The agricultural sector contributes 16.1% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 33% of formal employment and the food security of the population. There are 260,000 producers involved in agricultural production. The present experience has been developed in Cantagallo, in the municipality of Condega, in the department of Estelí, which has been declared an Ecological Park by the Mayor's Office. Agricultural production in Cantagallo is focused on small livestock, vegetables, high-altitude coffee, basic grains, potatoes, and others. The school model is based on the experience developed by the Organic Agriculture Movement of Nicaragua (MAONIC), in which agroecological technological innovations are promoted through a "learning by doing" approach and is being developed in the Municipal Climate Change Platform, an entity led by the Mayor's Office of Condega, with the participation of public and private actors.

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Version:
2022

Capture décran 157This report dives deep into a reality of agriculture: the sector is undergoing profound technological change at an accelerating pace. New technologies, unimaginable just a few years ago, are rapidly emerging. Many of the most recent technologies facilitate precision agriculture, a management strategy that uses information to optimize input and resource use. Recent technological developments may astound and amaze, inspiring the desire to learn more. However, it is important to remember that technological change is not a new phenomenon and, crucially, not all agrifood systems actors have access to it. FAO has been studying this subject for decades. What we see today is no more than a consolidation point – for now – of a lengthy process of technological change in agriculture that has been accelerating over the last two centuries.

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Version:
2023

Capture décran 155Chile es un país líder en la exportación de alimentos, endonde la apicultura juega un rol fundamental y cuenta con más de 1.300.000 colmenas para apoyar la producción de alimentos a través de la polinización. Las buenas prácticas deben ser abordadas de generación en generación de apicultores para favorecer el mantenimiento de colmenas sanas y activas para la prestación de servicios sistémicos de polinización. Sin embargo, la apicultura nacional cuenta con pocos avances tecnológicos asociados a la actividad, sumado a la disminución de apicultores debido a que no existe un recambio generacional y a una precepción muy limitada sobre la actividad apícola por parte de las nuevas generaciones.

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34
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30 April 2024
 

 
Version:
2017

Capture décran 154Countries have different approaches in providing agricultural advisory services to farmers; it is not clear which provide best services and lead to least human or environmental hazards. In China, agricultural extension workers, trained as plant doctors, run plant clinics with at least six varying degrees of linkage to agri-business. More than 20,000 farmer queries were recorded during > 3,800 plant clinic sessions between 2014 and 2015, including the diagnosis of > 125 plant health problems of > 70 common crops as well as the related pest management recommendations. Diagnosis and recommendations appeared of high quality across all plant clinic types. Agri-business-connected plant doctors provided slightly less complete written advice regarding integrated pest management options than did non-business plant doctors; but gave slightly more detailed advice. Business-connected plant doctors advised slightly more highly hazardous pesticides and fewer antibiotics than non-business doctors; but differences are tiny. Overall, agri-business-connected and non-business plant doctors comparably reached farmers.

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Version:
2020

Capture décran 153Rice is the world’s most important staple food for some 4 billion people, while in Asia, the poorest of the poor derive up to 70% of their calorie intake from rice. The crop is produced by some 144 million farm households, and harvested from 166 million hectares annually. Rice farming is associated with poverty in many areas. About 900 million of the world’s poor depend on rice as producers or consumers, and out of these, some 400 million poor and undernourished people are engaged in growing rice. Because of its geographic expansion and typical manner of wetland cultivation, worldwide rice production contributes about 10% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the agricultural sector, mainly because of methane (CH4) emissions from continuously floodedwetland rice fields.

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25
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30 April 2024
 

 
Version:
2020

Capture décran 152Nigeria’s agricultural sector is dominated by smallholder farmers, who represents about 80% of the farmers and operate on farm sizes averaging about 2.5 hectares. If appropriately supported,the smallholder farming sector can put the country on the path to self-sufficiency and ensure satietyfor household food consumption. However, this potential is undermined by productivity challenges,high post-harvest losses and lack of commercialization. Post-harvest losses are as high as 40%, driven bypoor handling techniques and lack of adequate storage facilities and infrastructure. Consequently, smallholder farmers receive lower prices due to quality losses and encounter difficulty in accessingcredit for their working capital needs.AGRA recognizes that a well-designed and efficient National Agricultural Warehouse System can provide many benefits to smallholder farmers, cooperatives, traders, and other players across the agricultural commodity value chains. 

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Version:
2019

Capture décran 136Agricultural advisory services such as “training and visit” schemes used to operate —except in rare cases— like a stream flowing from the “wise” (researchers and technicians) to peasant farmers in order to fulfil the priorities of the State and its financial partners. Those days seem far away. Austerity and structural-adjustment measures brought an end to most of the State-run schemes that operated those services. A number of development actors then began providing advisory services to farmers: professional agricultural organisations, State agencies, investors, input suppliers, NGOs, telephony companies, etc. But how are those services structured? What is their purpose? Whom are they for?

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22
Date:
30 April 2024