sudanThe Sudan is an Arab state situated in northeast Africa, with a 530 miles coastline along the Red Sea. Its capital is Khartoum. The population is about 30 million (excluding the South Sudan), growing at an annual rate of about 2.55 percent. The country is divided into 17 decentralized states (wilayah), which are further divided into 133 districts.

Agriculture is the main economic sector contributing 39 per cent to the GDP and employing about 80 percent of the workforce. Livestock and fisheries are also important sectors. The main export crop is cotton although its volume has been declining in recent years. Also, this crop is being replaced by sorghum, wheat and groundnuts in the interest of food security.


  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (June 2012)
  • Edited by Burt E. Swanson
  • The latest information on extension organization was provided by Dr. Adil Yousef, Director-General, Technology Transfer and Extension Administration, Khartoum.
  • The information on private training institutions was provided by Ms. Omelnisa El Fakei, National Specialist in Rural Development, EU/FAO project OSRO/SUD/622/MUL.