polandPoland is a Central European, ex-communist country. It is a member of the European Union (EU) with a population of about 3.8 million. Poland’s capital is Warsaw. The country has several large lakes, the Baltic Sea coast in the north-west, and mountains in the southern region.  Administratively, Poland comprises 16 voivodeships (equivalent of provinces), which are divided into powiats (equivalent of counties). The powiats are sub-divided into gminas (also called as municipalities or communes). Poland enjoys a liberalized, fast growing and sound economy, and as such, is considered as a regional economic power.


  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (October 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson