nicaraguaPublic Sector

Ministerio Agropecuario y Forestal - Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

University-based Extension

  • Universidad Nacional Agraria Camoapa
  • Universidad Nacional Agraria Managua


Farrington, J. I. Christoplos, A. D. Kidd, and M. Beckman. 2002. Extension, Poverty and Vulnerability: The Scope for Policy Reform Final Report of a Study for the Neuchâtel Initiative. Working Paper 155. Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 

Fernandez, J. 2004. Extension Service in Nicaragua: Comparison of 1994 to Present. In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of AIAEE. Dublin, Ireland. Retrieved on November 1, 2011 from. 

Christoplos, I. 2001. Extension, Poverty, and Vulnerability in Nicaragua. In Currents: Rural Development in Latin America. Published by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden. Retrieved on November 1, 2011 from 

Dinar, A., & Keynan, G. 1998. The cost and performance of paid agricultural extension services: the case of agricultural technology transfer in Nicaragua. Sector Leadership Group, The World Bank, Retrieved on November 1, 2011 from 

Gary A., D. Byerlee, M. Helene-Collion, and W. Rivera. 2004. Extension and Rural Development: Converging Views on Institutional Approaches. Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 4. The World Bank. Retrieved on November 1, 2011 from 

ISNAR. (2003). Innovation of Extension Services Developing Public-Private Rural Extension Services, Nicaragua. ISNAR Learning for Institutional Innovation. Retrieved on November 1, 2011 from

Piccioni, Norman, and Santucci, Fabio M. (2004): Nicaragua: The Agricultural Technology Project. see pages 20-27 in: Rivera, William and Alex, Gary (editors) (2004): Extension Reform for Rural Development. Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 12. Extension Reform for Rural Development. Volume 5. The World Bank, Agricultural and Rural Development, Washington, D.C.

Ramiro Ortiz Dardón, 2004. Evolución de los servicios de extensión en Nicaragua. FAO

 More documents

List of Extension Providers

icon target The following list shows an excerpt from the GFRAS Directory of Extension Providers for  Nicaragua. Some of these entries may be specially marked for having more detailed information in the database of the Worldwide Extension Study WWES.