jamaicaJamaica is the third largest English-speaking island in the Caribbean Sea. The total land area of the island is about 11,000 km², with a mountainous topography surrounded by a narrow coastal plain. The climate is tropical, that is, hot and humid with about an annual rainfall of 1000 mm. Locations at higher altitude have temperate weather, but the country has been plagued by frequent hurricanes. The population was about 2.7 million people in 2011 and the capital is Kingston.  Jamaica is divided into 14 parishes and the parishes have three regions, namely Cornwall, Middlesex, and Surrey. Main economic sectors include agriculture, tourism, mining, manufacturing, and financial services. Transportation and agricultural aviation are also important.


  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (January 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson