nigerNiger is geographically the largest country in West Africa. Over 80 percent of the land of this landlocked nation is covered by the Sahara desert. The population of Niger is about 17 million, and its capital is Niamey. The country is prone to frequent droughts, desert encroachment, occasional famine threats, HIV/AIDS, and at times to political instability, and was rated in 2009 as the poorest country in the world in terms of human development. Its foreign earnings depend mainly on the export of uranium ore.  Niger is administratively divided into 27 regions, which are subdivided into 36 departments. The departments are further divided into communes that are divided into quarters, villages and settlements.


  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (July 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson