botswanaBotswana is a landlocked country located in southern Africa. The country’s topography is flat and up to 70% of its area is covered by the Kalahari Desert. Drought and desertification are two major environmental problems. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone. With a geographical area of 224,607 miles but with a population of slightly over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. The country has been facing a severe problem of HIV/AIDS epidemic.



  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (February 2013)
  • Edited by Burton E. Swanson