Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in southern Africa between two rivers namely Zambezi and Limpopo. Prior to 1980, when Zimbabwe got independence, it was known as Rhodesia, ruled by a conservative white minority government. The population is about 12 ½ million people. The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare.  Most of the country is elevated with altitudes up to 1600 m, and the Eastern part is mountainous. The famous Victoria Falls is located in the northwest. The climate of Zimbabwe is largely tropical but moderate at higher altitudes, with a rainy season from October to March. The country has been hit by several droughts.  For administrative purposes, Zimbabwe is divided into eight provinces, with each province having its own capital. The provinces are subdivided into nine districts and 1,200 wards, also known as municipalities, and the.wards are further divided into villages. Rural District Councils, Ward Development Committees and Village Development Committees exist at district, ward, and village levels respectively.
Acknowledgements Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (March 2013) Edited by Burton E. Swanson