myammarMyanmar (certain countries still using the old name Burma) is the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Its capital is Nay Pyi Taw and the largest city Yangon. The country enjoys about 400 miles of uninterrupted coastline. The population is about 60.2 million.

 Myanmar is divided into seven states and seven regions, which are further divided into 67 districts. The districts are sub-divided into townships, sub-townships, towns, wards, village tracts and villages. In spite of being rich in natural resources, Myanmar is one of the least developed and poorest countries in the world. The infrastructure is inadequate and energy shortages common.

Myanmar lies in the monsoon region of Asia and as such its coastal areas receive heavy rainfall. The climate in summer is hot, rainy and humid while the winters have less humidity, scant rainfall and mild temperatures.

Context

Context

Agriculture is the most important sector accounting for about 60 percent of the GDP and employing about 65 percent of the country’s workforce.  Rice is the main crop covering some 60 percent of the total cultivated area. Other crops include pulses, beans, sesame, groundnut and sugarcane. Livestock, fishery and lumber are also important. Slash-and-burn method of shifting cultivation is still common to render arable land. Myanmar has been a major producer of opium, but government ban on its cultivation since 2002 has left farmers without any viable source of sustained income.

Key Statistics and Indicators

Indicator

Value

Year  

Agricultural land (sq km)

Agricultural land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares)

Arable land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares per person)

124,400

19.03

11035000

16.88

0.23

2009

2009

2009

2009

2009

Fertilizer consumption (Kg per hectare of arable land)

5.40

2009

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Food production index (2004-2006 = 100)

Food exports (% of merchandise exports)

Food imports (% of merchandise imports)

48.35

127.18

53.39

14.65

2004

2010

1992

1992

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)

NA

 

Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above)

Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24)

Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24)

Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24)

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%)

92.02

95.31

96.05

99.23

106.48

2009

2009

2009

2009

2010

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Internet users (per 100 people)

1.23

0.22

2010

2009

Population, total

Population density (people per sq. km of land area)

Rural population

Rural population (% of total population)

Agricultural population (% of total population)*

Total economically active population**

Total economically active population in agriculture*

Total economically active population in agriculture (in %

of total economically active population)

Female economically active population in agriculture (% of total economically active population in agriculture)*

48,336,763

73.39

31703550.93

66.1

66.55

27431220

18789000

68.49

47.81

2011

2010

2010

2010

2011

2010

2010

2010

2010

Sources: The World Bank; *Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO,  ** http://www.nationmaster.com     

 

Acknowledgements

  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (July 2012)
  • Edited by Burt E. Swanson

Add comment


Security code
Refresh