GFRAS Publications

gfras gender equality in rasThis brief explains the concept of gender equality in advisory services and discusses the opportunities that gender equality in rural advisory services can create for global and local food production, women’s economic empowerment, household food security, and nutrition. It summarises experiences of how gender equality can be pursued in advisory services and provides some practical examples.

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A Synthesis of Experiences, Lessons, and Recommendations

An executive summary

gfras-nutrition-report

The major purpose of this study was to analyze and document the past, current, and future role of EAS, with regard to human nutrition. This report summarizes the current state of knowledge on the role of nutrition in EAS resulting from an extensive literature review, analyzing survey responses, and conducting interviews with actors from worldwide development organizations, governmental agencies, educational and research institutions, and the private sector.

The full report is available here.

 

A Synthesis of Experiences, Lessons, and Recommendations

gfras-nutrition-report

The major purpose of this study was to analyze and document the past, current, and future role of EAS, with regard to human nutrition. This report summarizes the current state of knowledge on the role of nutrition in EAS resulting from an extensive literature review, analyzing survey responses, and conducting interviews with actors from worldwide development organizations, governmental agencies, educational and research institutions, and the private sector.

The Executive Summary of ths report is available as a separate publication.

Este guia foi financiado por recursos da Fundacao Bill & Melinda Gates.Os resultados e conclusões contidos neste documento são dos autores, e não necessariamente refletem posições ou politicas da Fundacao Bill & Melinda Gates. O Instituto de Recursos Naturais - Natural Resources Institute (NRI ) contribuiu com os documentos de referencia e uma versão inicial deste guia.

newextensionistRoles, Strategies, and Capacities to Strengthen Extension and Advisory Services

Extension and advisory services (EAS) 1 play an important role in agricultural development. However, these services need new capacities to address the current challenges in agriculture and to contribute better to agricultural innovation – a process that that requires interactions and knowledge flows among a wide range of actors in the agricultural innovation
system (AIS).

A summary of this paper is available here.

Roles, Strategies, and Capacities to Strengthen Extension and Advisory Services

GFRAS NewExtensionist Summary A4 2013Extension and advisory services (EAS) 1 play an important role in agricultural development. However, these services need new capacities to address the current challenges in agriculture and to contribute better to agricultural innovation – a process that that requires interactions and knowledge flows among a wide range of actors in the agricultural innovation
system (AIS).

The full position papaer is available here.

Extension services enable farmers to take up innovations, improve production, and protect the environment. Extension shows positive effects on knowledge, adoption, and productivity. With studies showing very high (13–500%) rates of return to extension, it is a cost-effective way to improve farmer productivity and income.

Experiences with extension programmes show the positive impact that they have on productivity and farmer incomes. For instance, a programme with cacao farmers in Peru saw productivity rise from 340 to 600 kg per ha in three years.

Extension services are essential to enable farmers to improve their practices and help them respond to emerging challenges. Knowledge, ideas, and skills gained through extension programmes can help farmers increase their productivity, reduce losses, and gain better access to markets.

The positive impact of extension services is well demonstrated globally. Whether through Farmer Field Schools, marketing training, or by using innovative technologies, knowledge sharing underpins sustainable agricultural practices.

The examples illustrate the importance of participatory processes and farmers’ proactive participation in extension programmes to ensure they meet their needs. The case studies highlight the diversity of issues that can be tackled through extension and advisory services, and the positive impacts these can have on farmers’ livelihoods. In many cases, extension services are an addition to existing structures, such as farmer co-operatives, and are offered as part of a package of services. This helps to ensure that the positive outcomes from extension, such as increased yields, can be translated into positive outcomes for farmers, for example by supporting the marketing of the improved crops.

This is a summary of the GFRAS position paper "Building Knowledge Systems in Agriculture".

GFRAS PositionPaper RioThere are three dimensions to sustainable development: social, economic, and environmental. Knowledge sharing is critical to supporting these dimensions, and extension and advisory services are a vital knowledge-sharing institution. Extension is key for linking scientific research, field-level innovations and innovators, markets, education, and other service providers.

  • Given the importance of agriculture and the rural medium for countries’ growth and development, policy makers must strengthen the institutional structure of rural extension and increase public and private investment.
  • Abundant natural resources, knowledge, technology, and extensionists are not enough. Countries also need policies, institutional frameworks, and solid management that link the local to the national and vice versa for the development of extension.
  • The classical function of extension of “extending” knowledge and technologies and mainly working on aspects of production and education is being complemented by other needs and functions that go beyond the agricultural sector. The presence of these inter-sectoral functions merits the development of new institutional structures and skills.
  • Institutional innovations for extension in a context of agricultural and rural innovation should consider the micro, meso, and macro levels. Failing to recognize them will lead to incomplete and unsustainable models and innovations.

This publication is also available in Spanish on the RELASER website.

  • As a promoter of innovation, extension is an important tool for the resolution of problems associated with rural territories.
  • In order to be successful, rural extension must satisfy the demands and interests of those who receive innovation.
  • Extension that promotes co-design in innovation is a clear road to achieving changes.
  • Extension must conceive of innovation as a learning process.

This publication is also available in Spanish on the RELASER website.

  • Poverty is multidimensional and requires differentiated responses.
  • Technology is not enough.
  • Access must be improved for women and young people, and an effort must be made to recognize different forms of collective action.
  • The State plays a key role.

A Spanish version of this publication is available at the RELASER Website.

GFRAS s'introduit

A brochure introducing GFRAS

 
 
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