yemenThe Republic of Yemen is located in Western Asia. Its capital is Sana’a, and population 25,130,000 (2011). The country is divided into 20 governorates (Muhafizaat), which are further divided into districts.

Agriculture is diverse, main crops being sorghum, wheat and barley, and millions of mango trees. Most of the cultivable area is rain-fed. Groundwater and spate floods are major sources of irrigation. Most farmers are poor and subsistence. Rural women have not yet come into mainstream development.

Context

Context

The country has distinct agro-ecological zones comprising coastal, mountainous and desert areas. Over-pumping of groundwater by farmers and the popular cultivation of too much water consuming qat crop are serious problems.

Recent reports indicate over 40 percent of the population not having access to adequate food, and about one million children suffering from malnutrition. These numbers raise grave concerns about deteriorating food security situation.

Key Statistics and Indicators

Indicator

Value

Year  

Agricultural land (sq km)

Agricultural land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares)

Arable land (% of land area)

Arable land (hectares per person)

234520

44.41

1171000

2.21

0.05

2009

2009

2009

2009

2009

Fertilizer consumption (Kg per hectare of arable land)

12.04

2009

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Food production index (2004-2006 = 100)

Food exports (% of merchandise exports)

Food imports (% of merchandise imports)

126

5.73

27.81

2009

2009

2009

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)

1170

2010

Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above)

Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24)

Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24)

Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24)

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%)

62.39

72.17

95.60

75.49

62.18

2009

2009

2009

2009

2010

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Internet users (per 100 people)

11085000

12.34

2010

2010

Population, total

Population density (people per sq. km of land area)

Rural population*

Rural population (% of total population)*

Agricultural population (% of total population)*

Total economically active population in agriculture*

Total economically active population in agriculture (in %

    of total economically active population)

Female economically active population in agriculture (% of

     total economically active population in agriculture)*

24,052,514

46

16403000

68.19

38.84

2,314,000

38.94

40.31

2010

2010

2010

2010

2010

Sources: The World Bank; *Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO

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Acknowledgements

  • Authored by M. Kalim Qamar (June 2012)
  • Edited by Burt E. Swanson
  • The latest information on extension organization was provided by Dr. Mohamed M.A. Al-Marwani, Director-General, General Directorate of Extension & Training Sana’a
  • The latest information on the Agricultural Research and Extension Authority (AREA) was provided by Dr. Mansoor Aqil, Chairman, AREA, Dhamar
  • The latest information on extension aspects of universities in Yemen was provided by Dr. Ali Hasan Khalil, Assistant Professor, Department of Extension and Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb University, Ibb

[1] The original official title Agricultural Research and Extension Authority (AREA) is in the process of being formally changed to Agricultural Research Authority (ARA). 

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